HAZING, HARASSMENT, INTIMIDATION AND BULLYING
Hazing means doing any act or coercing another, including the victim, to do any act of intimidation to any student or other organization that causes or creates a substantial risk of causing mental or physical harm to any person.
Throughout this policy the term bullying is used in place of harassment, intimidation and bullying.
Bullying, harassment and
intimidation is an intentional written, verbal, electronic or physical
act that a student has exhibited toward another particular student more
than once. The intentional act also includes violence within a dating
relationship. The behavior causes mental and physical harm to the other
student and is sufficiently severe, persistent or pervasive that it
creates an intimidating, threatening or abusive educational environment
for the other student. This behavior is prohibited on school property,
on a school bus or at a school-sponsored activity. Students found responsible
for harassment, intimidation, intimidation or bullying by an electronic
act may be suspended.
The District includes, within the health curriculum, age-appropriate instruction in dating violence prevention education in grades 7 to 12. This instruction in includes recognizing warning signs of dating violence and the characteristics of healthy relationships.
Prohibited activities of any type including those activities engaged in via computer and/or electronic communications devices or electronic means, are inconsistent with the educational process and are prohibited at all times. The District educates minors about appropriate online behavior, including interacting with other individuals on social networking websites and in chat rooms and cyberbullying awareness and response.
No administrator, teacher or other employee of the District shall encourage, permit, condone or tolerate any hazing, and/or bullying activities. No student, including leaders of student organizations, is permitted to plan, encourage or engage in any hazing and/or bullying.
Administrators, teachers and all other District employees are particularly alert to possible conditions, circumstances or events that might include hazing, bullying and/or dating violence.
If any of the prohibited behaviors are planned or discovered, involved students are informed by the discovering District employee of the prohibition contained in this policy and are required to end all such activities immediately. All hazing, bullying and/or dating violence incidents are reported immediately to the Superintendent/designee and appropriate discipline is administered.
The Superintendent/designee must provide the Board President with a semiannual written summary of all reported incidents and post the summary on the District’s website, to the extent permitted by law.
The administration provides
training on the District’s hazing and bullying policy to District
employees and volunteers who have direct contact with students. Additional
training is provided to elementary employees in violence and substance
abuse prevention and positive youth development.
No one is permitted to retaliate against an employee or student because he/she files a grievance or assists or participates in an investigation, proceeding or hearing regarding the charge of hazing, harassment, intimidation and/or bullying of an individual.
[Adoption date: May 15, 1989]
LEGAL REFS.: Children’s
Internet Protection Act; 47 USC 254 (h)(5)(b)(iii);
HAZING AND BULLYING
The prohibition against hazing, dating violence, harassment, intimidation or bullying is publicized in student handbooks and in the publications that set the standard of conduct for schools and students in the District. In addition, information regarding the policy is incorporated into employee handbooks and training materials.
Hazing, bullying behavior and/or dating violence by any student/school personnel in the District is strictly prohibited, and such conduct may result in disciplinary action, including suspension and/or expulsion from school. Hazing, bullying and/or dating violence means any intentional written, verbal, graphic or physical acts, including electronically transmitted acts, either overt or covert, by a student or group of students toward other students/school personnel with the intent to hazing, harass, intimidate, injure, threaten, ridicule or humiliate. Such behaviors are prohibited, on or immediately adjacent to school grounds, at any school-sponsored activity; in any District publication; through the use of any District-owned or operated communication tools, including but not limited to District e-mail accounts and/or computers; on school-provided transportation or at any official school bus stop.
Hazing, bullying and/or dating violence can include many different behaviors. Examples of conduct that could constitute prohibited behaviors include, but are not limited to:
1. physical, violence and/or attacks;
2. threats, taunts and intimidation through words and/or gestures;
3. extortion, damage or stealing of money and/or possessions;
4. exclusion from the peer group or spreading rumors;
5. repetitive and hostile
behavior with the intent to harm others through the use of
B. sending abusive or threatening
e-mails, website postings or comments and instant messages;
D. using websites, social networking sites, blogs or personal online journals, e-mails or instant messages to circulate gossip and rumors to other students.
6. excluding others from an online group by falsely reporting them for inappropriate language to Internet service providers.
In evaluating whether conduct constitutes hazing, or bullying, special attention is paid to the words chosen or the actions taken, whether such conduct occurred in front of others or was communicated to others, how the perpetrator interacted with the victim and the motivation, either admitted or appropriately inferred.
School Personnel Responsibilities and Complaint Procedures
Teachers and other school staff, who witness acts of hazing, bullying and/or dating violence, as defined above, promptly notify the building principal/designee of the event observed, promptly file a written incident report concerning the events witnessed.
Teachers and other school staff who receive student or parent reports of suspected hazing, bullying and/or dating violence promptly notify the building principal/designees of such report(s). If the report is a formal, written complaint, the complaint is filed with the building principal/designee no later than the next school day. If the report is an informal complaint by a student that is received by a teacher or other professional employee, he/she prepares a written report of the informal complaint which is filed with the building principal/designee no later than the next school day.
Students and/or their parents or guardians may file reports regarding suspected hazing, harassment, intimidation, bullying and/or dating violence. The reports should be written. Such written reports must be reasonably specific including person(s) involved; number of times and places of the alleged conduct; the target of suspected harassment, intimidation and/or bullying and the names of any potential student or staff witnesses. Such reports may be filed with any school staff member or administrator. They are promptly forwarded to the building principal/designee for review and action.
Students, parents or guardians and school personnel may make informal complaints of conduct that they consider to be harassment, intimidation and/or bullying by verbal report to a teacher, school administrator or other school personnel. Such informal complaints must be reasonably specific as to the actions giving rise to the suspicion of hazing, harassment, intimidation and/or bullying, including person(s) involved, number the names of any potential student or staff witness. The school staff member or administrator who receives the informal complaint promptly documents the complaint in writing, including the above information. This written report by the school staff member and/or administrator is promptly forwarded to the building principal/designee for review and action.
Students who make informal complaints as set forth above may request that their name be maintained in confidence by the school staff member(s) and administrators(s) who receive the complaint. The anonymous complaint is reviewed and reasonable action is taken to address the situation, to the extent such action (1) does not disclose the source of the complaint, and (2) is consistent with the due process rights of the student(s) alleged to have committed acts of hazing, bullying and/or dating violence.
Students are prohibited from deliberately making false complaints of harassment, intimidation or bullying. Students found responsible for deliberately making false reports of harassment, intimidation or bullying may be subject to a full range of disciplinary consequences.
Teachers and Other School Staff
In addition to addressing both informal and formal complaints, school personnel are encouraged to address the issue of hazing, bullying and/or dating violence in other interactions with students.
School personnel may find
opportunities to educate students about harassment, hazing, intimidation
and bullying and help eliminate such prohibited behaviors through class
discussions, counseling and reinforcement of socially appropriate behavior.
School personnel should intervene promptly whenever they observe student
conduct that has the purpose or effect of ridiculing, humiliating or
intimidating another student/school personnel, even if such conduct
does not meet the formal definition of harassment, having, intimidation
The principal/designee is
notified of any formal or informal complaint of suspected hazing, harassment,
intimidation and/or bullying. Under the direction of the building principal/designee,
all such complaints are investigated promptly. A written report of the
investigation is prepared when the investigation is complete. The report
includes findings of fact, a determination of whether acts of hazing,
harassment, intimidation and/or bullying were verified, and, when
Notwithstanding the foregoing, when a student making an informal complaint has requested anonymity, the investigation of such complaint is limited as is appropriate in view of the anonymity of the complaint. Such limitation of the investigation may include restricting action to a simple review of the complaint (with or without discussing it with the alleged perpetrator), subject to receipt of further information and/or the withdrawal by the complainant student of the condition that his/her report be anonymous.
B. Non-disciplinary Interventions
When verified acts of hazing, harassment, intimidation and/or bullying are identified early and/or when such verified acts do not reasonably require a disciplinary response, students may be counseled as to the definition of the behavior, its prohibition and their duty to avoid any conduct that could be considered hazing, harassing, intimidating and/or bullying.
If a complaint arises out of conflict between students or groups of students, peer medication may be considered. Special care, however, is warranted in referring some cases to peer medication. A power imbalance may make the process intimidating for the victim and therefore inappropriate. The victim’s communication and assertiveness skills may be low and could be further eroded by fear resulting from past intimidation and fear resulting from past intimidation and fear of future intimidation. In such cases, the victim should be given additional support. Alternatively, peer mediation may be deemed inappropriate to address the concern.
C. Disciplinary Interventions
When acts of hazing, harassment,
intimidation and/or bullying are verified and a disciplinary response
is warranted, students are subject to the full range of disciplinary
In and out-of-school suspension may be imposed only after informing the accused perpetrator of the reasons for the proposed suspension and giving him/her an opportunity to explain the situation.
Expulsion may be imposed only hearing before the Board of Education, a committee of the Board or an impartial hearing officer designated by the Board of Education in accordance with Board policy. This consequence is reserved for serious incidents of harassment, intimidation or bullying and/or when past interventions have not been successful in eliminating prohibited behaviors.
Allegations of criminal misconduct are reported to law enforcement, and suspected child abuse is reported to Child Protective Services, per required timelines.
Report to the Custodial Parent or Guardian of the Perpetrator
If after investigation, acts of hazing, harassment, intimidation and/or bullying by a specific student are verified, the building principal/designee notifies the custodial parent or guardian of the perpetrator, in writing, of that finding. If disciplinary consequences are imposed against such student, a description of such discipline is included in such notification.
Strategies are developed and implemented to protect students from new or additional harassment, intimidation or bullying, and from retaliation following reporting of incidents.
Report to the Victim and his/her Custodial Parent or Guardian
If after investigation, acts of bullying hazing, against a specific student are verified, the building principal/designee notifies the parent/guardian of the victim of the finding. In providing such notification, care must be taken to respect the statutory privacy of the perpetrator.
Hazing, harassment, intimidation, and/or bullying matters, including the identity of both the charging party and the accused, are kept confidential to the extent possible. Although discipline may be imposed against the accused upon a finding of guilt, retaliation is prohibited.
School administrators shall notify both the custodial parents or guardians of a student who commits acts of harassment, intimidation, bullying and/or dating violence and the custodial parents or guardians of students against whom such acts were committed, and shall allow access to any written reports pertaining to the incident, to the extent permitted by law.
Police and Child Protective Services
In addition to, or instead of, filing a complaint through this policy a complainant may choose to exercise other options including, but not limited to, filing a complaint with outside agencies or filing a private lawsuit. Nothing prohibits a complainant from seeking redress under any other provision of the Ohio Revised Code or common law that may apply.
The District must also investigate incidents of hazing, harassment, intimidation and/or dating violence for the purpose of determining whether there has been a violation of District policy or regulations, even if law enforcement and/or the public children’s services are also investigating. All District personnel must cooperate with investigations by outside agencies.